What two effects did European colonization have on Latin America countries?

As we learned, Europeans brought a host of deadly diseases, including smallpox, influenza, and measles, against which the indigenous peoples had no immunity. In other words, disease, rather than warfare, was the number one killer of Latin America’s indigenous peoples.

How did European colonialism affect Latin American culture?

Like language the European colonists brought their religion to Latin America and taught it to the indigenous people. Roman Catholicism was the leading religion of both Spain and Portugal. Today over 90 percent of Latin Americans say they are Catholic.

How did Spanish colonization affect Latin America?

The Spanish conquest of Latin America brought many important changes to Latin American society. Spain sent royal governors or viceroys to rule the colonies in the king’s name. … In areas where many Native Americans had died, captured African slaves were used to replace a dying Native American Indian population.

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What impact did European colonization have on social inequality in Latin America?

The colonisation of Latin America was driven by the discovery of silver and gold. The results show that resource- rich areas during colonial times inherited higher levels of inequality and therefore worse institutions.

What did the European bring to Latin America?

The Europeans brought technologies, ideas, plants, and animals that were new to America and would transform peoples’ lives: guns, iron tools, and weapons; Christianity and Roman law; sugarcane and wheat; horses and cattle.

How did colonialism affect Latin America?

Although most of Latin America was colonized by Spain, the countries of Portugal and France also had major influences on the region. Due to war and disease, native populations were decimated. The European countries’ demand for free labor led them to engage in the African slave trade.

What had the biggest impact on European exploration and colonization of Latin America?

But most important of all, Europeans were aided by silent allies in the form of deadly Eurasian diseases, such as smallpox, influenza, and measles. It was a combination of these factors that paved the way for European success.

What was one effect of European exploration?

European explorations led to the Columbian Exchange and an increase in international trade. European nations competed for colonies. The European economy underwent major changes. Today, as in the days of mercantilism, some groups want to restrict global trade to protect certain jobs and industries from competition.

What were some effects of Spanish exploration of the Americas?

TheColumbian Exchange was another effect. This involved an exchange of plants, goods, ideas, and diseases from Europe to the Americas. This exchange benefitted Europeans more than Native Americans because Europeans spread smallpox , a deadly disease, to Native Americans when they came into contact with them.

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What was the most significant result of the Spanish colonization of Central and South America?

What was the most significant result of the Spanish colonization of Central and South America? Spain became rich by stealing the wealth of the American colonies. Spain brought advanced cultural values to the American colonies.

Was the impact of European colonization positive or negative for Latin America?

The changes were both negative and positive. Colonization helped the countries become unified under one language and religion. However, Spanish colonization had a negative impact by creating more poverty and discrimination toward the native people.

What is the cause of inequality in Latin America?

Though many social policies have managed to reduce poverty and inequality, existing productive structures create a constraint because Latin American inequality is the result of an uneven personal distribution of labour income – the split among wage earners – rather than a functional distribution of income – the classic …

How did colonialism affect the development of government in South America?

American Indian people of Peru. … How did colonialism affect the development of government in South America? colonialism created strong militaries and weak governments undermined by social divisions. What is cultural mosaic?

When did Europe colonize Latin America?

In 1492, a Spanish expedition headed by Christopher Columbus reached the Americas, after which European exploration and colonization rapidly expanded, first through much of the Caribbean region (including the islands of Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, and Cuba) and, early in the sixteenth century, parts of the mainlands of …

How did colonization affect the languages of Latin America quizlet?

How did colonization affect the Latin America? When the Europeans came to Latin America they forced away the native language of people that lived in Latin America. The Latin Americans were forced to learn the language of the country that colonized them. For example: Portuguese in Brazil, Spanish in Peru, etc.

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