The Spanish Conquest in Peru, starting in 1532 A.D., resulted in extreme depopulation of the Chira coast within a century of the conquest (4, p. 125), which drastically changed the local economy, devastating traditional coastal shellfish harvesting.
How did colonization affect Peru?
The conquest and colony brought a mix of cultures and ethnicities that did not exist before the Spanish conquered the Peruvian territory. Even though many of the Inca traditions were lost or diluted, new customs, traditions and knowledge were added, creating a rich mixed Peruvian culture.
Why was Peru important to Spain?
Its territory included all of South America except Venezuela and Portuguese Brazil. Although ranching, agriculture, and commerce were carried on, the mining of precious metals, particularly silver, was the basic industry, making the colony the most important in the Spanish empire.
How did the Spanish impact the Inca?
The Spanish named this vast region the Viceroyalty of Peru and set up a Spanish system of rule, which effectively suppressed any type of uprising from local communities. The Spanish system destroyed many of the Inca traditions and ways of life in a matter of years.
How did the Spanish rule Peru?
Spanish rule in Peru was consolidated in 1533 with the execution of Atahualpa, the reigning Inca monarch, and the conquistadors’ military occupation of the Inca capital of Cuzco. … 1475–1541), established a Spanish municipal government in Cuzco in 1534 that was modeled on Spanish cities.
What did the Spanish do in Peru?
In 1532, Spanish conquistadors under Francisco Pizarro first made contact with the mighty Inca Empire: it ruled parts of present-day Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, and Colombia. Within 20 years, the Empire was in ruins and the Spanish were in undisputed possession of the Inca cities and wealth.
When did Peru gain independence from Spain?
Peruvian independence was declared on July 28, 1821. Lacking power to attack the strong Spanish forces in the interior, San Martín sought aid from Simón Bolívar, who had liberated northern South America, but Bolívar declined, refusing to share leadership.
How did the Spanish expand their influence in the Americas?
The Spanish conquest of Yucatán, the Spanish conquest of Guatemala, the conquest of the Tarascans/Purépecha of Michoacan, the war of Mexico’s west, and the Chichimeca War in northern Mexico expanded Spanish control over territory and indigenous populations.
How did the Spanish invade Peru?
An invasion that launched Peru’s hybrid society.
On November 16, 1532, the Inca king Atahualpa and the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro met on the plaza in the Inca city of Cajamarca, where 168 Spaniards ambushed and seized the Inca and massacred his guards.
Did Spain establish relations with Peru?
In August 1879, Spain officially recognized the independence of Peru and representatives of both nations signed a Treaty of Peace and Friendship in Paris and therefore establishing diplomatic relations. … In June 1939, both nations re-opened their embassies in each other’s capitals, respectively.
How did Spanish expansion affect the Inca civilization in Peru?
How did Spanish expansion affect the Inca civilization in Peru? Traditional culture was preserved. The population of Inca declined. Trade with competing tribes expanded.
What effects did the Spanish conquest have?
When the Spanish conquered the Americas, they brought in their own religion. Hundreds of Native Americans converted to Christianity. Churches, monasteries, shrines and parishes were built. This was one of the Spanish’s main goals in colonization, as well as giving Spain more power.
Why was the Spanish conquest so important?
Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire. This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.