In the early hours of February 12, 1817, Argentine revolutionary José de San Martín leads his troops down the slopes of the Andes Mountains towards the Spanish forces defending Chile. … San Martín was already a celebrated figure across South America, having liberated Argentina from Spanish rule.
How did Argentina gain independence from Spain?
With the establishment of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata in 1816, Argentina achieved its independence from Spain, but its boundaries were not set until the early 20th century. In 1943 the government was overthrown by the military; Col. Juan Perón took control in 1946. He in turn was overthrown in 1955.
How did José de San Martín help win the war?
He led revolutionary forces in Argentina, Chile, and Peru, gaining a reputation as a bold commander and imaginative strategist. After defeating the Spanish in Argentina, he gained the element of surprise in Chile (1817–18) by crossing the Andes, San Martín captured Peru (1821) after an unexpected naval attack.
Who liberated Argentina from Spain?
José de San Martín, (born February 25, 1778, Yapeyú, viceroyalty of Río de la Plata [now in Argentina]—died August 17, 1850, Boulogne-sur-Mer, France), Argentine soldier, statesman, and national hero who helped lead the revolutions against Spanish rule in Argentina (1812), Chile (1818), and Peru (1821).
Who liberated Argentina and Chile from Spain?
José de San Martín
|Jose de San Martín|
|Nickname(s)||The Liberator of America|
|Allegiance||Spain (until 1812) United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (modern Argentina) Patria Nueva (modern Chile) Protectorate of Peru (modern Peru)|
Who ruled Argentina before it became independent?
Spain colonized Argentina in the 16th century; it declared its independence in 1816 and emerged as a democratic republic in the mid 19th century, but has since then periodically fallen under military rule.
How did José de San Martín help Argentina?
San Martín was already a celebrated figure across South America, having liberated Argentina from Spanish rule. … San Martín led his army, the Army of the Andes, on an arduous march into Chile. It is estimated that as much as one third of his 6,000 men died in the crossing, and over half his horses were lost.
Who liberated Colombia?
Bolívar himself led multiple expeditionary forces against the Spaniards, and between 1819 and 1822 he successfully liberated three territories—New Granada (Colombia and Panama), Venezuela, and Quito (Ecuador)—from Spanish rule.
Why did San Martin liberate Argentina?
San Martín believed that the best way to liberate Peru was to get the Peruvian people to accept independence voluntarily. By 1820, royalist Peru was an isolated outpost of Spanish influence.
Who were José de San Martin and Simon Bolivar and what did they accomplish?
José de San Martín and his forces liberated Peru and proclaimed its independence from Spain on 28 July 1821. The two leading figures of the South American wars of independence were Simon Bolivar in the north and José de San Martín in the south.
Did San Martin remain in South America after he helped to lead revolutions?
He spent the following decades living in Paris and other parts of France until his death in 1850. San Martin is still viewed throughout much of South America as a founding father of the independent states there, particularly in Argentina, Chile, and Peru.
Was Jose de San Martin a dictator?
After having captured and occupied Santiago on February 15, San Martín was offered the supreme dictatorship of Chile but declined in favor of his friend and colleague Bernardo O’Higgins. … Within a year San Martín was able to occupy the capital, and on July 28, 1821, he proclaimed the independence of Peru from Spain.
What country did Argentina become independent from?
One of the most-dramatic chapters in the 19th-century struggle for Latin American independence from Spanish rule occurred 200 years ago, in January and February 1817, when the liberation of Chile was won by the improbable crossing of the Andes Mountains by a force of revolutionaries under the command of José de San …
What military strategy was used by San Martin to defeat the Spanish?
What tactics did Jose de San Martin and Simon Bolivar use to defeat Spanish forces in South America? Bolivar marched through the Andes to Colombia and caught Spanish off guard. de San Martin marched through the Andes to Chile and defeats the Spanish with Bernardo O’Higgins.