According to the most popular and accepted version, in 1499, an expedition led by Alonso de Ojeda visited the Venezuelan coast. The stilt houses in the area of Lake Maracaibo reminded the Italian navigator, Amerigo Vespucci, of the city of Venice, Italy, so he named the region Veneziola, or “Little Venice”.
What was Venezuela called before colonization?
The Province of Venezuela came under the jurisdiction of the Viceroyalty of New Granada (established in 1717). The Province became the Captaincy General of Venezuela in 1777.
Who discovered Venezuela?
Christopher Columbus sailed along the eastern coast of Venezuela on his third voyage in 1498, the only one of his four voyages to reach the South American mainland. This expedition discovered the so-called “Pearl Islands” of Cubagua and Margarita off the northeastern coast of Venezuela.
Why was Venezuela called Little Venice?
Venezuela owes its name to Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci. … The stilted huts that indigenous people had built along the shore reminded him of the Venetian homes in his native land, so he named the land Venezuela, or “Little Venice.”
Where did Venezuela originate?
Venezuela was probably first settled by humans 16,000 years ago, due to migration flows from other indigenous cultures of America, from the south to the Amazon, from the west through Los Andes and north by the Caribbean Sea.
Why did the Spanish come to Venezuela?
By the late sixteenth century, agriculture had become Venezuela’s chief economic activity. … The Spanish crown, however, showed little interest in Venezuela’s agriculture. Spain was obsessed with extracting precious metals from its other territories to finance a seemingly endless series of foreign wars.
What is a nickname for Venezuela?
Christopher Columbus was so enthralled by Venezuela’s landscape, when arriving to its coast in 1498, that he referred to the land as Tierra de Gracia (Land of Grace), which has become the country’s nickname.
What are 3 interesting facts about Venezuela?
Fun Facts about Venezuela for Kids
- Population: 29 million people live in Venezuela (2021)
- Capital: Caracas with 3 million inhabitants.
- Name: Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
- Government: federal presidential republic.
- Official Language: Spanish.
- Religion: more than 95% are Christians.
Who owns Venezuela?
|Net income||$828 million (2016)|
|Total assets||$189.7 billion (2016)|
|Owner||Government of Venezuela|
|Number of employees||70,000|
What is the religion of Venezuela?
The U.S. government estimates 96 percent of the population is Catholic. The remaining population includes evangelical Protestants, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Church of Jesus Christ), Jehovah’s Witnesses, Muslims, Baha’is, and Jews.
Did Amerigo Vespucci discover Venezuela?
According to a letter that Vespucci might or might not have truly written, on May 10, 1497, he embarked on his first journey, departing from Cadiz with a fleet of Spanish ships. … If the letter is authentic, this would mean that Vespucci discovered Venezuela a year before Columbus did.
What European country settled in Venezuela first?
Spain’s colonization of mainland Venezuela started in 1522, establishing its first permanent South American settlement in the present-day city of Cumaná.
What languages are spoken in Venezuela?
Chinese (400,000), Portuguese (254,000) and Italian (200,000), are the most spoken languages in Venezuela after the official language of Spanish. Wayuu is the most spoken indigenous language with 170,000 speakers.
What race is Venezuelan?
Venezuela is a country of immigrants. About two-thirds of the population is mestizo (of mixed European and indigenous [Amerindian] ancestry) or mulatto-mestizo (African, European, and indigenous); about one-fifth of Venezuelans are of European lineage, and one-tenth have mainly African ancestry.
What Indians lived in Venezuela?
There are at least 26 indigenous groups in Venezuela, including the Wayuu (413,000), Warao people (36,000), Ya̧nomamö (35,000),Kali’na (34,000), Pemon (30,000), Anu͂ (21,000), Huottüja (15,000), Motilone Barí, Ye’kuana and Yaruro.
What is the official name of Colombia?
Formal Name: Republic of Colombia (República de Colombia). Short Form: Colombia.