Ecuador annexed the islands in 1832, shortly after its independence and three years before Darwin’s famous Beagle voyage. … At first, Ecuador named the island chain the “Archipelago of Ecuador”, which then changed to “Archipelago de Colon” in 1892 as a tribute to Christopher Columbus and his discovery of the Americas.
How did Ecuador get the Galapagos Islands?
The Galápagos Islands and their surrounding waters form the Galápagos Province of Ecuador, the Galápagos National Park, and the Galápagos Marine Reserve. … The newly independent Republic of Ecuador took the islands from Spanish ownership in 1832, and subsequently gave them official Spanish names.
Do the Galapagos Islands belong to Ecuador?
Galapagos Islands, Spanish Islas Galápagos, officially Archipiélago de Colón (“Columbus Archipelago”), island group of the eastern Pacific Ocean, administratively a province of Ecuador.
Who does the Galapagos belong to?
The Galápagos Islands are a chain of islands, or archipelago, in the eastern Pacific Ocean. They are part of the country of Ecuador, in South America. The Galápagos lie about 966 kilometers (600 miles) off of the Ecuadorian coast.
Is Galapagos its own country?
The Galapagos Islands are part of the country of Ecuador, a UNESCO World Heritage site and a renown National Park. They are situated in the Pacific Ocean about 605 miles (1,000 kilometers) west of northern South America. The islands emerged from the bottom of the sea in the form of astonishing volcanic upheavals.
Did Charles Darwin discover the Galapagos Islands?
The Galapagos Islands accidental discovery: How did it affect Darwin’s thoughts. … On the islands, Charles Darwin discovered several species of finches. Thanks to his close observations, he discovered that the different species of finches varied from island to island.
Why are the Galapagos Islands famous?
The islands are known for their famously fearless wildlife and as a source of inspiration for Darwin’s theory of evolution. And that’s just part of the story. Born of fire: The Galápagos Archipelago is one the most volcanically active areas in the world.
What happened in the Galapagos Islands?
The Galapagos Islands are the result of a two-fold geological phenomenon: the volcanic hotspot from which they’ve risen and on which they sit and an ongoing tectonic movement that slowly shifts the older islands towards the southeast, giving way to newer ones.
What is the meaning of Galapagos?
Definitions of Galapagos. a group of islands in the Pacific off South America; owned by Ecuador; known for unusual animal life. synonyms: Galapagos Islands. example of: island. a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water.
What is the meaning of Quito?
Quito. / (ˈkiːtəʊ, Spanish ˈkito) / noun. the capital of Ecuador, in the north at an altitude of 2850 m (9350 ft), just south of the equator: the oldest capital in South America, existing many centuries before the Incan conquest in 1487; a cultural centre since the beginning of Spanish rule (1534); two universities.
How are the Galapagos Islands different from each other?
The Galapagos Islands are uniquely located on both sides of the equator in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The islands are situated at a point in the Pacific Ocean where three ocean currents collide, creating a unique area in the sea where warm and varying degrees of cold water meet.
What natural process created the Galapagos Islands?
The Galapagos Islands were formed millions of years ago by volcanic activity. Discover how tectonic shifts created the islands and how deep below the sea, organisms thrive in the vicinity of hydrothermal vents.
Do humans live on the Galapagos Islands?
Where do people live in Galapagos and how is the population growing? Only four of the archipelago’s thirteen major islands have human populations: Santa Cruz, San Cristobal, Isabela and Floreana.