Colombia is listed as one of the world’s “megadiverse” countries, hosting close to 10% of the planet’s biodiversity. Worldwide, it ranks first in bird and orchid species diversity and second in plants, butterflies, freshwater fishes and amphibians.
Which country is known as megadiverse country?
Coverage. The identified Megadiverse Countries are: United States of America, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Madagascar, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, China, and Australia.
Does Colombia have a lot of biodiversity?
Colombia is the second most biodiverse country in the world
In fact, per square kilometer, the country is the most biodiverse. There are more bird, amphibian, butterfly, and frog species here than anywhere else in the world.
What type of ecosystem is Colombia?
The key lies in its varied ecosystems. The six natural regions of Colombia – Andean, Caribbean, Pacific, Orinoquía, Amazon and Insular – are home to practically every type of habitat, from tropical rainforest and Andean cloud forest to open savannahs and high-altitude moorland.
Is Brazil a megadiverse country?
Brazil is at the top among the 18 megadiverse countries. It hosts between 15 and 20 per cent of the world’s biological diversity, with more than 120,000 species of invertebrates, about 9,000 vertebrates and more than 4,000 plant species.
Is Indonesia a megadiverse country?
Conservation International considers Indonesia to be one of the 17 “megadiverse” countries, with 2 of the world’s 25 “hotspots”, 18 World Wildlife Fund’s “Global 200” ecoregions and 24 of Bird Life International’s “Endemic Bird Areas”.
How much of biodiversity is in Colombia?
Colombia is listed as one of the world’s “megadiverse” countries, hosting close to 10% of the planet’s biodiversity.
Which country has the best biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Which ecosystem has the most biodiversity?
Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. Occupying less than one percent of the ocean floor, coral reefs are home to more than 25% of all marine life.
What is in the ecosystem?
Ecosystems contain biotic or living, parts, as well as abiotic factors, or nonliving parts. Biotic factors include plants, animals, and other organisms. Abiotic factors include rocks, temperature, and humidity. … A change in the temperature of an ecosystem will often affect what plants will grow there, for instance.
How many animal species are in Colombia?
This biodiversity results from Colombia’s varied ecosystems—from the rich tropical rainforest to the coastal cloud forests to the open savannas. More than 1,821 species of birds, 623 species of amphibians, 467 species of mammals, 518 species of reptiles, and 3,200 species of fish reside in Colombia.
How many megadiverse countries are there in the world?
The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, …
Why India is called Mega Biodiversity Center?
The term ‘mega’ represent ‘large’. Thus, megadiversity means a large number of species are present in the ecosystem. As India is rich in the diversity of animals and plants, India is called a mega diversity centre.