The Southern Cone (Spanish: Cono Sur, Portuguese: Cone Sul) is a geographical and cultural subregion composed of the southernmost areas of South America, mostly south of the Tropic of Capricorn.
What is South America sometimes called?
Latin America is often used synonymously with Ibero-America (“Iberian America”), excluding the predominantly Dutch-, French-, and English-speaking territories.
What is the part between South and North America called?
The geographic boundary between North America and South America is, therefore, defined as the Isthmus of Panama. This stretch of land measures between 30 miles wide at its narrowest point and 120 miles at its widest point.
What was South America called before?
In the Paleozoic and Early Mesozoic eras, South America and Africa were connected in a landmass called Gondwana, as part of the supercontinent Pangaea.
Is Mexico in South America?
Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico.
Why is South America called South America?
Let’s start with South America. Those portions of the New World landmass that widen out north of the narrow land bridge of the Isthmus of Panama became known as North America, and those that broaden to the south became known as South America. … They call the region between those two points Central America.
Why is South America not part of the USA?
the USA is a country in a totally different continent. No way. South America is a continent, while the US is a nation. US is a part of the North American continent along with Canada and Mexico – and smaller countries aside of it.
Where is South America?
South America is a continent situated in the western hemisphere and, mostly, the southern hemisphere, bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest.
What is the difference between South America and North America?
Key Difference: North America and South America are two continents. … However, North America is in the Northern Hemisphere, i.e. north of the equator, while South America is in the Southern South America, i.e. south of the equator. Together, North America and South America are often referred to as the Americas.
What did the British call America?
American colonies, also called thirteen colonies or colonial America, the 13 British colonies that were established during the 17th and early 18th centuries in what is now a part of the eastern United States.
Why is USA called America?
America is named after Amerigo Vespucci, the Italian explorer who set forth the then revolutionary concept that the lands that Christopher Columbus sailed to in 1492 were part of a separate continent. … He included on the map data gathered by Vespucci during his voyages of 1501-1502 to the New World.
Why is Latin America called that?
Latin America consists of Mexico, the Caribbean and most of Central and South America. In these countries, residents speak mostly Spanish and Portuguese. These two languages are classified as Romance languages, which are derived from Latin. So hence the name Latin America.
Is Brazil in North or South America?
Brazil, officially Federative Republic of Brazil, Portuguese República Federativa do Brasil, country of South America that occupies half the continent’s landmass. … Brazil is the fifth most-populous country on Earth and accounts for one-third of Latin America’s population.
Why is Mexico not part of Central America?
Geography. Central America is a connecting isthmus. This isthmus arguably starts with the isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico (line 3 in the image below), which would mean that a small portion of Mexico is in Central America. Since that is only a tiny part of Mexico, the country is not part of Central America.
Why is Mexico part of North America?
Mexico shares a large land border with the United States, but is isolated from South America – a region that struggles to integrate into the global system and is essentially a giant island in the Southern Hemisphere. Therefore, from a strictly geographic point of view, Mexico lies firmly in North America.