How was Machu Picchu divided?
Machu Picchu is divided into two sectors, at the northern part was the urban sector and at the southern the agricultural sector. These sectors were constructed on a natural division due to a geological fault. As the only fertile soil in the area the agricultural sector was built in the southeastern part of the city.
Inca society was based on a strictly organized class structure. There were three broad classes: The Emperor and his immediate family, nobles, and commoners. Throughout Inca society, people who were “Inca by blood” – those whose families were originally from Cuzco – held higher status than non-Incas.
What type of government did Machu Picchu have?
The Incas had a monarchical and theocratic government where the Inca emperor was the maximum figure because he symbolized the son of the sun god. The Inca government was also based on simple laws that valued work and punished idleness and theft.
What different sectors were found in Machu Picchu?
Machu Picchu is the impressive historic sanctuary that are divided in 3 sectors: the agriculture sector, the urban sector and a third denominated Huayna Picchu.
What are the 3 sections of Machu Picchu?
According to archaeologists, the urban sector of Machu Picchu was divided into three great districts: the Sacred District, the Popular District to the south, and the District of the Priests and the Nobility.
What is Machu Picchu’s nickname?
The ‘Lost City of the Incas’ is the nickname that Hiram Bingham mistakenly gave Machu Picchu since what he truly believed he found was Vilcabamba, the last refuge of the rebel Incas. Today, however, Machu Picchu is popularly known as the ‘Lost City of the Incas’.
How were Incan commoners grouped within their social class? They were divided into categories based on age and gender. Examples of Aztec art: colored textiles were valued.
- Artisans – Artisans were commoners, but were also considered a higher social class than the farmers. They worked on crafts such as pottery or gold jewelry for the nobles.
- Farmers – At the bottom of the social class were the farmers.
What was Incan society like rise?
What was Incan society like? Rise: Started with a very small group. Accomplishments/Innovations: They established their capital at Cuzco in Peru in the 12th century CE. Social Structure: they began expanding by conquering neighboring groups.
What type of government did the Incas have?
The Inca Empire was a federalist system which consisted of a central government with the Inca at its head and four quarters, or suyu: Chinchay Suyu (northwest), Antisuyu (northeast), Kuntisuyu (southwest), and Qullasuyu (southeast). The four corners of these quarters met at the center, Cusco.
How was the Inca government structured?
The Inca government was called the Tawantinsuyu. It was a monarchy ruled by a single leader called the Sapa Inca. Sapa Inca – The emperor or king of the Inca Empire was called the Sapa Inca, which means “sole ruler”. He was the most powerful person in the land and everyone else reported to the Sapa Inca.
What type of economy did the Incas have?
The Incas had a centrally planned economy, perhaps the most successful ever seen. Its success was in the efficient management of labor and the administration of resources they collected as tribute. Collective labor was the base for economic productivity and for the creation of social wealth in the Inca society.
How many primary structures are in Machu Picchu?
Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give visitors a better idea of how they originally appeared.
What were some advanced Incan agriculture techniques?
They developed resilient breeds of crops such as potatoes, quinoa and corn. They built cisterns and irrigation canals that snaked and angled down and around the mountains. And they cut terraces into the hillsides, progressively steeper, from the valleys up the slopes.
How many storehouses can be seen from the agriculture sector in Machu Picchu?
In the agricultural sector there are five rooms that look like Chincheros and Ollantaytambo storerooms.