The Valdivian forests of Argentina and Chile are the only temperate rainforests in South America. They are home to the majestic alerce tree, which can reach heights of 115m and live for more than 3,000 years.
Where are the 5 rainforests?
The following charts show the extent of primary forest cover and tree cover in the tropics for the world’s five largest blocks of rainforest: Amazon, Congo, Australiasia, Sundaland, and Indo-Burma.
Is there a rainforest in South America?
The tropical South America subregion, comprising Colombia, French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil, represents the greatest concentration of tropical rain forest in the world, with approximately 885 million hectares in the Amazon Basin and another 85 million hectares …
What major rainforest is in South America?
Amazon Rainforest, large tropical rainforest occupying the drainage basin of the Amazon River and its tributaries in northern South America and covering an area of 2,300,000 square miles (6,000,000 square km).
Where are most rainforests found in South America?
The majority of the forest is contained within Brazil, with 60% of the rainforest, followed by Peru with 13%, Colombia with 10%, and with minor amounts in Bolivia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Does New Zealand have a rainforest?
Rainforests are commonly classified as tropical and temperate; in the South Island of N.Z. rainforests fall into the temperate classification with broad-leaved trees. The South Island’s west coast is the wettest area of NZ. In the northern part of the country we find sub-tropical rainforests.
Which continent has the largest tropical rainforest?
Rainforests thrive on every continent except Antarctica. The largest rainforests on Earth surround the Amazon River in South America and the Congo River in Africa.
What two types of rainforests exist in South America?
South America – Tropical and subtropical rainforests | Britannica.
Is Congo Basin a rainforest?
The Congo Basin makes up one of the most important wilderness areas left on Earth. At 500 million acres, it is larger than the state of Alaska and stands as the world’s second-largest tropical forest. A mosaic of rivers, forests, savannas, swamps and flooded forests, the Congo Basin is teeming with life.
What is happening to the rainforest in South America?
Humans have razed some 20 percent of the Amazon rainforest over the last 40 years alone, and an additional 20 percent is at risk of being destroyed—a potentially catastrophic loss that would cause this vital ecosystem to unravel.
What is a famous rainforest?
The Amazon Rainforest is the biggest and most famous rainforest in the world. Located in South America, the Amazon rainforest covers parts of Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. The Amazon rainforest covers much of the Amazon Basin.
What is the biggest rainforest in the world?
The Amazon is the world’s largest rainforest. It’s home to more than 30 million people and one in ten known species on Earth. See some of this region’s splendor in our new video.
Which country is Amazon forest?
Facts. The Amazon is a vast biome that spans eight rapidly developing countries—Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, and Suriname—and French Guiana, an overseas territory of France.
Which country has a rainforest?
The largest rainforests are in the Amazon in Brazil (South America), Demographic Republic of Congo (Africa) and Indonesia (South East Asia). Tropical rainforests are also found in Hawaii and the islands of the Pacific & Caribbean. The graph below shows rainforest area by country.
Does South Africa have any rainforest?
South Africa’s only rainforest rests on the edge of the Crocodile River on the outskirts of Nelspruit, in a place so unlikely that hardly anyone knows it exists. … South Africa’s erratic dry periods mean that the chances of a tropical rainforest, as they occur in Africa, is virtually impossible.
Is Amazon named after the rainforest?
The Amazon rainforest is named after the Amazon River, which is known as the Rio Amazonas in Spanish and Portuguese. “Amazonas” is derived from an ancient Greek myth about a tribe of mighty women warriors.