Spanish expeditions led by Columbus and Alonso de Ojeda reached the coast of present-day Venezuela in 1498 and 1499. The first colonial exploitation was of the pearl oysters of the “Pearl Islands”. Cacao beans became Venezuela’s principal export, monopolized by the Compañía Guipuzcoana de Caracas. …
Why did Spain colonize Venezuela?
Colonial Venezuela’s primary value to Spain was geographic: its long Caribbean coastline provided security from foreign enemies and pirates for the Spanish bullion fleet during its annual journey between Portobelo, in present-day Panama, and Cuba.
When did Spain colonize Venezuela?
Venezuela was first colonized by Spain in 1522. Indeed, the Spanish Empire’s first permanent South American settlement was in what is now Cumaná.
Was Venezuela owned by Spain?
Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America; the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north and in the capital. The territory of Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 amid resistance from indigenous peoples.
How did Spain colonize Latin America?
Spain shifted strategies after the military expeditions wove their way through the southern and western half of North America. Missions became the engine of colonization in North America. Missionaries, most of whom were members of the Franciscan religious order, provided Spain with an advance guard in North America.
How did Spain affect Venezuela?
Its impact on colonial Venezuelan society was immense. Its sizable profits attracted, for the first time, significant immigration of Spaniards, including relatively poor Canary Islanders, and its plantation culture created a great demand for African slaves during the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries.
How long did Spain rule Venezuela?
In the first decade, after almost three centuries on the periphery of the Spanish American empire, Venezuela found itself at the center of the independence movement sweeping Latin America.
Is Venezuela part of Spain?
Venezuela effectively achieved its independence from Spain by 1819 as part of the Republic of Colombia, and the United States recognized the Colombian federation in 1822. After Venezuela separated from Colombia in 1830, the United States recognized and established diplomatic relations with Venezuela in 1835.
How did Venezuela become independent?
In 1810 the revolution to gain independence from Spain began and Venezuela declared its independence a year later on July 5, 1811. This independence, however, was not decisively won until Simón Bolívar’s clear victory over the Spanish royalist army in 1821.
Was Venezuela a Portuguese colony?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Portugal colonized parts of South America (Brazil, Colónia do Sacramento, Uruguay, Guanare, Venezuela), but also made some unsuccessful attempts to colonize North America (Newfoundland and Labrador and Nova Scotia in Canada).
When did Venezuela become independent?
The Congress declared Venezuela’s independence on 5 July 1811, establishing the Republic of Venezuela. Even before the Congress began its sessions in November 1810, a civil war started between those who supported the juntas, and eventually independence, and royalists who wanted to maintain the union with Spain.
What are 5 interesting facts about Venezuela?
Fun Facts about Venezuela for Kids
- Population: 29 million people live in Venezuela (2021)
- Capital: Caracas with 3 million inhabitants.
- Name: Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
- Government: federal presidential republic.
- Official Language: Spanish.
- Religion: more than 95% are Christians.
What continent is Venezuela?
Beginning with Columbus in 1492 and continuing for nearly 350 years, Spain conquered and settled most of South America, the Caribbean, and the American Southwest. … To add insult to smallpox, the Spanish explorers enslaved the Native Americans who weren’t killed and then took their natural resources.
What country did Spain colonize first?
In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola. After finding gold in recoverable quantities nearby, the Spanish quickly overran the island and spread to Puerto Rico in 1508, to Jamaica in 1509, and to Cuba in 1511.
Did Spain colonize Mexico?
The ancient civilizations of Mexico lasted about 2500 years. Then, in the 15th Century, a group of Spanish explorers arrived in the newly discovered continent of America. They were under orders from the Spanish Crown to turn what is today’s Mexico territory into a Spanish colony.