Horses, sheer luck, good timing and European diseases such as Smallpox decimating the native population, were also factors helping the Spanish towards victory.
What contributed to the Spanish victory over the Incas?
Pizarro’s conquest of the Incas was also made possible by the use of gunpowder, a substance the Incas didn’t have at their disposal. Even less sophisticated weapons like steel-edged swords, pikes and crossbows, gave Spaniards the upper hand.
How did the Spanish defeat the Inca empire?
On November 16, 1532, Francisco Pizarro, the Spanish explorer and conquistador, springs a trap on the Incan emperor, Atahualpa. … Pizarro’s men massacre the Incans and capture Atahualpa, forcing him to convert to Christianity before eventually killing him.
What caused the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs and Incas?
The Spanish were able to defeat the Aztec and the Inca not only because they had horses, dogs, guns, and swords, but also because they brought with them germs that made many native Americans sick. Diseases like smallpox and measles were unknown among the natives; therefore, they had no immunity to them.
Why did the Spanish conquer the Inca empire?
When Manco’s son Túpac Amaru was executed by the Spanish in 1572, the final Inca stronghold was extinguished. That the Spanish had been able to conquer the vast and sophisticated Inca Empire was partly due to the smallpox epidemic that spread viciously across the domain.
What was the Incas greatest engineering accomplishment?
System of roads and bridges
The Incas were magnificent engineers. They built a system of roads and bridges across the roughest terrains of the Andes. Through their system of collective labor and the most advanced centralized economy, the Incas were able to secure unlimited manual labor.
What factors helped the Spanish defeat the Aztec?
Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.
Which factors led to the decline and defeat of the Inca empire?
In my opinion the most important factor that had the most influence on the Inca’s empire collapse was disease. Smallpox killed over 200,000 people and weakened the rest. With the people weakened and a large amount of people killed the Spanish were able to go in and defeat the empire.
Which factor led to the destruction of the Inca empire in South America?
The spread of disease
Influenza and smallpox were the main causes of death among the Inca population and it affected not only the working class but also the nobility.
What did the Spanish want from the Incas?
The Spanish forces went to meet with Atahualpa and demanded he take up the “true faith” (Catholicism) and the yoke of Charles I of Spain. Because of the language barrier, the Inca rulers probably did not understand much of these demands, and the meeting quickly escalated to the Battle of Cajamarca.
How did the Spanish defeat the Inca so quickly?
In Europe, the advantage of handguns was that men could easily be trained to use them. In the New World, whose armies lacked the crossbows and longbows that preceded these guns, the arquebus was a hand weapon of unprecedented ranged power. All of these weapons were used to devastating effect in defeating the Incas.
How did the Spanish conquer the Aztec and Inca empires?
How did the Spanish conquer the great Aztec and Inca empires? The spanish conquered the great Aztec and Inca empires by bringing diseases to kill most of them off quickly, scaring them with the horses, and using their more advanced superior weapons to kill them. … Moctezuma II was the ruler of the Aztec Empire.
Why did the Aztecs lose to the Spanish?
The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.
What contributions did the Incas make to the world?
Here are 8 amazing things you didn’t know the Incas invented.
- Roads. …
- A communications network. …
- An accounting system. …
- Terraces. …
- Freeze drying. …
- Brain surgery. …
- An effective government. …
- Rope bridges.